Directed Subgraph Complexes

Axel Hultman

Abstract


Let $G$ be a directed graph, and let $\Delta^{ACY}_G$ be the simplicial complex whose simplices are the edge sets of acyclic subgraphs of $G$. Similarly, we define $\Delta^{NSC}_G$ to be the simplicial complex with the edge sets of not strongly connected subgraphs of $G$ as simplices. We show that $\Delta^{ACY}_G$ is homotopy equivalent to the $(n-1-k)$-dimensional sphere if $G$ is a disjoint union of $k$ strongly connected graphs. Otherwise, it is contractible. If $G$ belongs to a certain class of graphs, the homotopy type of $\Delta^{NSC}_G$ is shown to be a wedge of $(2n-4)$-dimensional spheres. The number of spheres can easily be read off the chromatic polynomial of a certain associated undirected graph.

We also consider some consequences related to finite topologies and hyperplane arrangements.


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