The Generalized Schröder Theory

Chunwei Song

Abstract


While the standard Catalan and Schröder theories both have been extensively studied, people have only begun to investigate higher dimensional versions of the Catalan number (see, say, the 1991 paper of Hilton and Pedersen, and the 1996 paper of Garsia and Haiman). In this paper, we study a yet more general case, the higher dimensional Schröder theory. We define $m$-Schröder paths, find the number of such paths from $(0,0)$ to $(mn, n)$, and obtain some other results on the $m$-Schröder paths and $m$-Schröder words. Hoping to generalize classical $q$-analogue results of the ordinary Catalan and Schröder numbers, such as in the works of Fürlinger and Hofbauer, Cigler, and Bonin, Shapiro and Simion, we derive a $q$-identity which would welcome a combinatorial interpretation. Finally, we introduce the ($q, t$)-$m$-Schröder polynomial through "$m$-parking functions" and relate it to the $m$-Shuffle Conjecture of Haglund, Haiman, Loehr, Remmel and Ulyanov.


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