A Probabilistic Approach to the Asymptotics of the Length of the Longest Alternating Subsequence

Christian Houdré, Ricardo Restrepo

Abstract


Let $LA_{n}(\tau)$ be the length of the longest alternating subsequence of a uniform random permutation $\tau\in\left[ n\right] $. Classical probabilistic arguments are used to rederive the asymptotic mean, variance and limiting law of $LA_{n}\left( \tau\right) $. Our methodology is robust enough to tackle similar problems for finite alphabet random words or even Markovian sequences in which case our results are mainly original. A sketch of how some cases of pattern restricted permutations can also be tackled with probabilistic methods is finally presented.


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