The Signless Laplacian Spectral Radius of Unicyclic and Bicyclic Graphs with a Given Girth

Ke Li, Ligong Wang, Guopeng Zhao

Abstract


Let $\mathcal{U}(n,g)$ and $\mathcal{B}(n,g)$ be the set of unicyclic graphs and bicyclic graphs on $n$ vertices with girth $g$, respectively. Let $\mathcal{B}_{1}(n,g)$ be the subclass of $\mathcal{B}(n,g)$ consisting of all bicyclic graphs with two edge-disjoint cycles and $\mathcal{B}_{2}(n,g)=\mathcal{B}(n,g)\backslash\mathcal{B}_{1}(n,g)$. This paper determines the unique graph with the maximal signless Laplacian spectral radius among all graphs in $\mathcal{U}(n,g)$ and $\mathcal{B}(n,g)$, respectively. Furthermore, an upper bound of the signless Laplacian spectral radius and the extremal graph for $\mathcal{B}(n,g)$ are also given.


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