Some New Binomial Sums Related to the Catalan Triangle

Yidong Sun, Fei Ma

Abstract


In this paper, we derive many new identities on the classical Catalan triangle $\mathcal{C}=(C_{n,k})_{n\geq k\geq 0}$, where $C_{n,k}=\frac{k+1}{n+1}\binom{2n-k}{n}$ are the well-known ballot numbers. The first three types are based on the determinant and the fourth is relied on the permanent of a square matrix. It not only produces many known and new identities involving Catalan numbers, but also provides a new viewpoint on combinatorial triangles.


Keywords


Catalan number, ballot number, Catalan triangle.

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