Disjoint Cycles of Different Lengths in Graphs and Digraphs

Julien Bensmail, Ararat Harutyunyan, Ngoc Khang Le, Binlong Li, Nicolas Lichiardopol

Abstract


In this paper, we study the question of finding a set of $k$ vertex-disjoint cycles (resp. directed cycles) of distinct lengths in a given graph (resp. digraph). In the context of undirected graphs, we prove that, for every $k \geq 1$, every graph with minimum degree at least $\frac{k^2+5k-2}{2}$ has $k$ vertex-disjoint cycles of different lengths, where the degree bound is best possible. We also consider other cases such as when the graph is triangle-free, or the $k$ cycles are required to have different lengths modulo some value $r$. In the context of directed graphs, we consider a conjecture of Lichiardopol concerning the least minimum out-degree required for a digraph to have $k$ vertex-disjoint directed cycles of different lengths. We verify this conjecture for tournaments, and, by using the probabilistic method, for some regular digraphs and digraphs of small order.


Keywords


Vertex-disjoint cycles; Different lengths; Minimum degree

Full Text:

PDF