On Some Ramsey and Turán-Type Numbers for Paths and Cycles

Tomasz Dzido, Marek Kubale, Konrad Piwakowski

Abstract


For given graphs $G_{1}, G_{2}, ... , G_{k}$, where $k \geq 2$, the multicolor Ramsey number $R(G_{1}, G_{2}, ... , G_{k})$ is the smallest integer $n$ such that if we arbitrarily color the edges of the complete graph on $n$ vertices with $k$ colors, there is always a monochromatic copy of $G_{i}$ colored with $i$, for some $1 \leq i \leq k$. Let $P_k$ (resp. $C_k$) be the path (resp. cycle) on $k$ vertices. In the paper we show that $R(P_3,C_k,C_k)=R(C_k,C_k)=2k-1$ for odd $k$. In addition, we provide the exact values for Ramsey numbers $R(P_{4}, P_{4}, C_{k})=k+2$ and $R(P_{3}, P_{5}, C_{k})=k+1$.


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