On Oriented Arc-Coloring of Subcubic Graphs

Alexandre Pinlou

Abstract


A homomorphism from an oriented graph $G$ to an oriented graph $H$ is a mapping $\varphi$ from the set of vertices of $G$ to the set of vertices of $H$ such that $\overrightarrow{\varphi(u)\varphi(v)}$ is an arc in $H$ whenever $\overrightarrow{uv}$ is an arc in $G$. The oriented chromatic index of an oriented graph $G$ is the minimum number of vertices in an oriented graph $H$ such that there exists a homomorphism from the line digraph $LD(G)$ of $G$ to $H$ (Recall that $LD(G)$ is given by $V(LD(G))=A(G)$ and $ \overrightarrow{ab}\in A(LD(G))$ whenever $a=\overrightarrow{uv}$ and $b=\overrightarrow{vw}$). We prove that every oriented subcubic graph has oriented chromatic index at most $7$ and construct a subcubic graph with oriented chromatic index $6$.


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