### New Approach to the $k$-Independence Number of a Graph

#### Abstract

Let $G = (V,E)$ be a graph and $k \ge 0$ an integer. A $k$-independent set $S \subseteq V$ is a set of vertices such that the maximum degree in the graph induced by $S$ is at most $k$. With $\alpha_k(G)$ we denote the maximum cardinality of a $k$-independent set of $G$. We prove that, for a graph $G$ on $n$ vertices and average degree $d$, $\alpha_k(G) \ge \frac{k+1}{\lceil d \rceil + k + 1} n$, improving the hitherto best general lower bound due to Caro and Tuza [Improved lower bounds on $k$-independence, J. Graph Theory 15 (1991), 99-107].

#### Keywords

$k$-independence; average degree