The Combinatorics of $\mathsf{A_2}$-Webs

Georgia Benkart, Soojin Cho, Dongho Moon

Abstract


The nonelliptic $\mathsf{A_2}$-webs with $k$ "$+$''s on the top boundary and $3n-2k$ "$-$''s on the bottom boundary combinatorially model the space $\mathsf{Hom}_{\mathfrak{sl}_3}(\mathsf{V}^{\otimes (3n-2k)}, \mathsf{V}^{\otimes k})$ of  $\mathfrak{sl}_3$-module maps on tensor powers of the natural 3-dimensional $\mathfrak{sl}_3$-module $\mathsf{V}$,  and they have connections with the combinatorics ofSpringer varieties. Petersen, Pylyavskyy, and Rhodes showed  that the set of such  $\mathsf{A_2}$-webs and the set of  semistandard tableaux of shape $(3^n)$ and type $\{1^2,\dots,k^2,k+1,\dots, 3n-k\}$ have the same cardinalities. In this work, we use the $\sf{m}$-diagrams introduced by Tymoczko and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence to construct an explicit bijection, different from the one given by Russell, between these two sets.  In establishing our result, we show that the pair of standard  tableaux constructed using the notion of path depth is the same as the pair constructed from applying the Robinson-Schensted correspondence to a $3\,2\,1$-avoiding permutation.  We also obtain a bijection between such pairs of standard tableaux and Westbury's $\mathsf{A_2}$ flow diagrams.


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