On Compact Symmetric Regularizations of Graphs

R. Vandell, M. Walsh, W. D. Weakley

Abstract


Let $G$ be a finite simple graph of order $n$, maximum degree $\Delta$, and minimum degree $\delta$. A compact regularization of $G$ is a $\Delta$-regular graph $H$ of which $G$ is an induced subgraph: $H$ is symmetric if every automorphism of $G$ can be extended to an automorphism of $H$. The index $|H:G|$ of a regularization $H$ of $G$ is the ratio $|V(H)|/|V(G)|$. Let $\mbox{mcr}(G)$ denote the index of a minimum compact regularization of $G$ and let $\mbox{mcsr}(G)$ denote the index of a minimum compact symmetric regularization of $G$.

Erdős and Kelly proved that every graph $G$ has a compact regularization and $\mbox{mcr}(G) \leq 2$. Building on a result of König, Chartrand and Lesniak showed that every graph has a compact symmetric regularization and $\mbox{mcsr}(G) \leq 2^{\Delta - \delta}$.  Using a partial Cartesian product construction, we improve this to $\mbox{mcsr}(G) \leq \Delta - \delta + 2$ and give examples to show this bound cannot be reduced below $\Delta - \delta + 1$.


Keywords


Graph automorphism; regular graph; regularization

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