Polygons as Sections of Higher-Dimensional Polytopes

Arnau Padrol, Julian Pfeifle

Abstract


We show that every heptagon is a section of a $3$-polytope with $6$ vertices. This implies that every $n$-gon with $n\geq 7$ can be obtained as a section of a $(2+\lfloor\frac{n}{7}\rfloor)$-dimensional polytope with at most $\lceil\frac{6n}{7}\rceil$ vertices; and provides a geometric proof of the fact that every nonnegative $n\times m$ matrix of rank $3$ has nonnegative rank not larger than $\lceil\frac{6\min(n,m)}{7}\rceil$. This result has been independently proved, algebraically, by Shitov (J. Combin. Theory Ser. A 122, 2014).


Keywords


polygon; polytope projections and sections; extension complexity; nonnegative rank; nonrealizability; pseudo-line arrangements

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