Pairs of Quadratic Forms over Finite Fields

Alexander Pott, Kai-Uwe Schmidt, Yue Zhou

Abstract


Let $\mathbb{F}_q$ be a finite field with $q$ elements and let $X$ be a set of matrices over $\mathbb{F}_q$. The main results of this paper are explicit expressions for the number of pairs $(A,B)$ of matrices in $X$ such that $A$ has rank $r$, $B$ has rank $s$, and $A+B$ has rank $k$ in the cases that (i) $X$ is the set of alternating matrices over $\mathbb{F}_q$ and (ii) $X$ is the set of symmetric matrices over $\mathbb{F}_q$ for odd $q$. Our motivation to study these sets comes from their relationships to quadratic forms. As one application, we obtain the number of quadratic Boolean functions that are simultaneously bent and negabent, which solves a problem due to Parker and Pott.

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