### The CI Problem for Infinite Groups

#### Abstract

A finite group $G$ is a DCI-group if, whenever $S$ and $S'$ are subsets of $G$ with the Cayley graphs Cay$(G,S)$ and Cay$(G,S')$ isomorphic, there exists an automorphism $\varphi$ of $G$ with $\varphi(S)=S'$. It is a CI-group if this condition holds under the restricted assumption that $S=S^{-1}$. We extend these definitions to infinite groups, and make two closely-related definitions: an infinite group is a strongly (D)CI$_f$-group if the same condition holds under the restricted assumption that $S$ is finite; and an infinite group is a (D)CI$_f$-group if the same condition holds whenever $S$ is both finite and generates $G$.

We prove that an infinite (D)CI-group must be a torsion group that is not locally-finite. We find infinite families of groups that are (D)CI$_f$-groups but not strongly (D)CI$_f$-groups, and that are strongly (D)CI$_f$-groups but not (D)CI-groups. We discuss which of these properties are inherited by subgroups. Finally, we completely characterise the locally-finite DCI-graphs on $\mathbb Z^n$. We suggest several open problems related to these ideas, including the question of whether or not any infinite (D)CI-group exists.

We prove that an infinite (D)CI-group must be a torsion group that is not locally-finite. We find infinite families of groups that are (D)CI$_f$-groups but not strongly (D)CI$_f$-groups, and that are strongly (D)CI$_f$-groups but not (D)CI-groups. We discuss which of these properties are inherited by subgroups. Finally, we completely characterise the locally-finite DCI-graphs on $\mathbb Z^n$. We suggest several open problems related to these ideas, including the question of whether or not any infinite (D)CI-group exists.

#### Keywords

Cayley graphs, Isomorphisms, Infinite groups, CI-problem, CI-group, CI-graph