On the Schur Expansion of Hall-Littlewood and Related Polynomials via Yamanouchi Words

Austin Roberts

Abstract


This paper uses the theory of dual equivalence graphs to give explicit Schur expansions for several families of symmetric functions. We begin by giving a combinatorial definition of the modified Macdonald polynomials and modified Hall-Littlewood polynomials indexed by any diagram $\delta \subset {\mathbb Z} \times {\mathbb Z}$, written as $\widetilde H_{\delta}(X;q,t)$ and $\widetilde H_{\delta}(X;0,t)$, respectively. We then give an explicit Schur expansion of $\widetilde H_{\delta}(X;0,t)$ as a sum over a subset of the Yamanouchi words, as opposed to the expansion using the charge statistic given in 1978 by Lascoux and Sch├╝ztenberger. We further define the symmetric function $R_{\gamma,\delta}(X)$ as a refinement of $\widetilde H_{\delta}(X;0,t)$ and similarly describe its Schur expansion. We then analyze $R_{\gamma,\delta}(X)$ to determine the leading term of its Schur expansion. We also provide a conjecture towards the Schur expansion of $\widetilde H_{\delta}(X;q,t)$. To gain these results, we use a construction from the 2007 work of Sami Assaf to associate each Macdonald polynomial with a signed colored graph $\mathcal{H}_\delta$. In the case where a subgraph of $\mathcal{H}_\delta$ is a dual equivalence graph, we provide the Schur expansion of its associated symmetric function, yielding several corollaries.


Keywords


Hall-Littlewood polynomials; Dual equivalence; Schur functions; Symmetric functions; Macdonald polynomials

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