New Upper Bound for Sums of Dilates

Albert Bush, Yi Zhao


For $\lambda \in \mathbb{Z}$, let $\lambda \cdot A = \{ \lambda a : a \in A\}$. Suppose $r, h\in \mathbb{Z}$ are sufficiently large and comparable to each other. We prove that if $|A+A| \le K |A|$ and $\lambda_1, \ldots, \lambda_h \le 2^r$, then
\[ |\lambda_1 \cdot A + \ldots + \lambda_h \cdot A | \le K^{ 7 rh /\ln (r+h) } |A|. \]
This improves upon a result of Bukh who shows that
\[ |\lambda_1 \cdot A + \ldots + \lambda_h \cdot A | \le K^{O(rh)} |A|. \]
Our main technique is to combine Bukh's idea of considering the binary expansion of $\lambda_i$ with a result on biclique decompositions of bipartite graphs.


Sumsets, Dilates, Plünnecke-Ruzsa Inequality, Graph Decomposition, Biclique Partition

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