Counting Proper Colourings in 4-Regular Graphs via the Potts Model

Ewan Davies

Abstract


We give tight upper and lower bounds on the internal energy per particle in the antiferromagnetic $q$-state Potts model on $4$-regular graphs, for $q\ge 5$. This proves the first case of a conjecture of the author, Perkins, Jenssen and Roberts, and implies tight bounds on the antiferromagnetic Potts partition function.

 The zero-temperature limit gives upper and lower bounds on the number of proper $q$-colourings of $4$-regular graphs, which almost proves the case $d=4$ of a conjecture of Galvin and Tetali. For any $q \ge 5$ we prove that the number of proper $q$-colourings of a $4$-regular graph is maximised by a union of $K_{4,4}$'s. 

 

Keywords


Graph colouring; Potts model; Graph homomorphisms

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