The Skeleton of a Reduced Word and a Correspondence of Edelman and Greene

Stefan Felsner

Abstract


Stanley conjectured that the number of maximal chains in the weak Bruhat order of $S_n$, or equivalently the number of reduced decompositions of the reverse of the identity permutation $ w_0 = n,n-1,n-2,\ldots,2,1$, equals the number of standard Young tableaux of staircase shape $s=\{n-1,n-2,\ldots,1\}$. Originating from this conjecture remarkable connections between standard Young tableaux and reduced words have been discovered. Stanley proved his conjecture algebraically, later Edelman and Greene found a bijective proof. We provide an extension of the Edelman and Greene bijection to a larger class of words. This extension is similar to the extension of the Robinson-Schensted correspondence to two line arrays. Our proof is inspired by Viennot's planarized proof of the Robinson-Schensted correspondence. As it is the case with the classical correspondence the planarized proofs have their own beauty and simplicity.


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