The Order of Monochromatic Subgraphs with a Given Minimum Degree
Let $G$ be a graph. For a given positive integer $d$, let $f_G(d)$ denote the largest integer $t$ such that in every coloring of the edges of $G$ with two colors there is a monochromatic subgraph with minimum degree at least $d$ and order at least $t$. Let $f_G(d)=0$ in case there is a $2$-coloring of the edges of $G$ with no such monochromatic subgraph. Let $f(n,k,d)$ denote the minimum of $f_G(d)$ where $G$ ranges over all graphs with $n$ vertices and minimum degree at least $k$. In this paper we establish $f(n,k,d)$ whenever $k$ or $n-k$ are fixed, and $n$ is sufficiently large. We also consider the case where more than two colors are allowed.