Semidefinite Functions on Categories

  • László Lovász
  • Alexander Schrijver


Freedman, Lovász and Schrijver characterized graph parameters that can be represented as the (weighted) number of homomorphisms into a fixed graph. Several extensions of this result have been proved. We use the framework of categories to prove a general theorem of this kind. Similarly as previous resuts, the characterization uses certain infinite matrices, called connection matrices, which are required to be positive semidefinite.