Ratio Monotonicity of Polynomials Derived from Nondecreasing Sequences

  • William Y. C. Chen
  • Arthur L. B. Yang
  • Elaine L. F. Zhou


The ratio monotonicity of a polynomial is a stronger property than log-concavity. Let $P(x)$ be a polynomial with nonnegative and nondecreasing coefficients. We prove the ratio monotone property of $P(x+1)$, which leads to the log-concavity of $P(x+c)$ for any $c\geq 1$ due to Llamas and Martínez-Bernal. As a consequence, we obtain the ratio monotonicity of the Boros-Moll polynomials obtained by Chen and Xia without resorting to the recurrence relations of the coefficients.

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