Extremal Graph Theory for Metric Dimension and Diameter

  • Carmen Hernando
  • Mercè Mora
  • Ignacio M. Pelayo
  • Carlos Seara
  • David R. Wood


A set of vertices $S$ resolves a connected graph $G$ if every vertex is uniquely determined by its vector of distances to the vertices in $S$. The metric dimension of $G$ is the minimum cardinality of a resolving set of $G$. Let ${\cal G}_{\beta,D}$ be the set of graphs with metric dimension $\beta$ and diameter $D$. It is well-known that the minimum order of a graph in ${\cal G}_{\beta,D}$ is exactly $\beta+D$. The first contribution of this paper is to characterise the graphs in ${\cal G}_{\beta,D}$ with order $\beta+D$ for all values of $\beta$ and $D$. Such a characterisation was previously only known for $D\leq2$ or $\beta\leq1$. The second contribution is to determine the maximum order of a graph in ${\cal G}_{\beta,D}$ for all values of $D$ and $\beta$. Only a weak upper bound was previously known.

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