Christoffel Words and the Calkin-Wilf Tree

  • Alessandro De Luca
  • Christophe Reutenauer


In this note we present some results on the Calkin-Wilf tree of irreducible fractions, giving an insight on the duality relating it to the Stern-Brocot tree, and proving noncommutative versions of known results relating labels of the Calkin-Wilf trees to hyperbinary expansions of positive integers. The main tool is the Christoffel tree introduced in a paper by Berstel and de Luca.