Vertex Isoperimetric Inequalities for a Family of Graphs on $\mathbb{Z}^k$

  • Ellen Veomett
  • Andrew John Radcliffe
Keywords: discrete isoperimetric inequalities


We consider the family of graphs whose vertex set is $\mathbb{Z}^k$ where two vertices are connected by an edge when their $\ell_\infty$-distance is 1.  We prove the optimal vertex isoperimetric inequality for this family of graphs.  That is, given a positive integer $n$, we find a set $A\subset \mathbb{Z}^k$ of size $n$ such that the number of vertices who share an edge with some vertex in $A$ is minimized.  These sets of minimal boundary  are nested, and the proof uses the technique of compression.

We also show a method of calculating the vertex boundary for certain subsets in  this family of graphs.  This calculation and the isoperimetric inequality allow us to indirectly find the sets which minimize the function calculating the boundary.
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