Recurrence Relations and Splitting Formulas for the Domination Polynomial
Keywords: domination polynomial, recurrence relation, splitting formula
AbstractThe domination polynomial $D(G,x)$ of a graph $G$ is the generating function of its dominating sets. We prove that $D(G,x)$ satisfies a wide range of reduction formulas. We show linear recurrence relations for $D(G,x)$ for arbitrary graphs and for various special cases. We give splitting formulas for $D(G,x)$ based on articulation vertices, and more generally, on splitting sets of vertices.