Keywords:
subtrees, Wiener index, leaves, bipartition, $q$-ary tree, domination number

### Abstract

When considering the total number of subtrees of trees, the extremal structures which maximize this number among binary trees and trees with a given maximum degree lead to some interesting facts that correlate to some other graphical indices in applications. Along this line, it is interesting to study that over some types of trees with a given order, which trees minimize or maximize this number. Here are our main results: (1) The extremal tree which minimizes the total number of subtrees among $n$-vertex trees with $k$ pendants is characterized. (2) The extremal tree which maximizes (resp. minimizes) the total number of subtrees among $n$-vertex trees with a given bipartition is characterized. (3) The extremal tree which minimizes the total number of subtrees among the set of all $q$-ary trees with $n$ non-leaf vertices is identified. (4) The extremal $n$-vertex tree with given domination number maximizing the total number of subtrees is characterized.
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Author Biographies

Shuchao Li, Central China Normal University

Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics

Shujing Wang, Central China Normal University

Faculty of Mathematics and Statistics