Generating and Enumerating 321-Avoiding and Skew-Merged Simple Permutations
Keywords: permutation pattern, simple permutation
AbstractThe simple permutations in two permutation classes --- the $321$-avoiding permutations and the skew-merged permutations --- are enumerated using a uniform method. In both cases, these enumerations were known implicitly, by working backwards from the enumeration of the class, but the simple permutations had not been enumerated explicitly. In particular, the enumeration of the simple skew-merged permutations leads to the first truly structural enumeration of this class as a whole. The extension of this method to a wider collection of classes namely grid classes of infinite paths is discussed.