# A Bound on Permutation Codes

Keywords:
Permutation Code, Projective Plane, Latin Square, Embeddability

### Abstract

Consider the symmetric group $S_n$ with the Hamming metric. A*permutation code*on $n$ symbols is a subset $C\subseteq S_n.$ If $C$ has minimum distance $\geq n-1,$ then $\vert C\vert\leq n^2-n.$ Equality can be reached if and only if a projective plane of order $n$ exists. Call $C$

*embeddable*if it is contained in a permutation code of minimum distance $n-1$ and cardinality $n^2-n.$ Let $\delta =\delta (C)=n^2-n-\vert C\vert$ be the

*deficiency*of the permutation code $C\subseteq S_n$ of minimum distance $\geq n-1.$

We prove that $C$ is embeddable if either $\delta\leq 2$ or if $(\delta^2-1)(\delta +1)^2<27(n+2)/16.$ The main part of the proof is an adaptation of the method used to obtain the famous Bruck completion theorem for mutually orthogonal latin squares.