A Simple Formula for the Series of Constellations and Quasi-Constellations with Boundaries
Keywords: planar maps, bijections
AbstractWe obtain a very simple formula for the generating function of bipartite (resp. quasi-bipartite) planar maps with boundaries (holes) of prescribed lengths, which generalizes certain expressions obtained by Eynard in a book to appear. The formula is derived from a bijection due to Bouttier, Di Francesco and Guitter combined with a process (reminiscent of a construction of Pitman) of aggregating connected components of a forest into a single tree. The formula naturally extends to $p$-constellations and quasi-$p$-constellations with boundaries (the case $p=2$ corresponding to bipartite maps).