Equidistributed Statistics on Matchings and Permutations
We show that the bistatistic of right nestings and right crossings in matchings without left nestings is equidistributed with the number of occurrences of two certain patterns in permutations, and furthermore that this equidistribution holds when refined to positions of these statistics in matchings and permutations. For this distribution we obtain a non-commutative generating function which specializes to Zagier's generating function for the Fishburn numbers after abelianization.
As a special case we obtain proofs of two conjectures of Claesson and Linusson.
Finally, we conjecture that our results can be generalized to involving left crossings of matchings too.