A Superlocal Version of Reed's Conjecture

  • Katherine Edwards
  • Andrew D. King
Keywords: graph theory, graph colouring, Reed's Conjecture, fractional colouring


Reed's well-known $\omega$, $\Delta$, $\chi$ conjecture proposes that every graph satisfies $\chi \leq \lceil \frac 12(\Delta+1+\omega)\rceil$. The second author formulated a local strengthening of this conjecture that considers a bound supplied by the neighbourhood of a single vertex. Following the idea that the chromatic number cannot be greatly affected by any particular stable set of vertices, we propose a further strengthening that considers a bound supplied by the neighbourhoods of two adjacent vertices. We provide some fundamental evidence in support, namely that the stronger bound holds in the fractional relaxation and holds for both quasi-line graphs and graphs with stability number two. We also conjecture that in the fractional version, we can push the locality even further.

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