Spanning $k$-trees of Bipartite Graphs

  • Mikio Kano
  • Kenta Ozeki
  • Kazuhiro Suzuki
  • Masao Tsugaki
  • Tomoki Yamashita
Keywords: spanning tree, spanning $k$-tree, bipartite graph


A tree is called a $k$-tree if its maximum degree is at most $k$. We prove the following theorem. Let $k \geq 2$ be an integer, and $G$ be a connected bipartite graph with bipartition $(A,B)$ such that $|A| \le |B| \le (k-1)|A|+1$. If $\sigma_k(G) \ge |B|$, then $G$ has a spanning $k$-tree, where $\sigma_k(G)$ denotes the minimum degree sum of $k$ independent vertices of $G$. Moreover, the condition on $\sigma_k(G)$ is sharp. It was shown by Win (Abh. Math. Sem. Univ. Hamburg, 43, 263–267, 1975) that if a connected graph $H$ satisfies $\sigma_k(H) \ge |H|-1$, then $H$ has a spanning $k$-tree. Thus our theorem shows that the condition becomes much weaker if the graph is bipartite.
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