On Decomposing Graphs of Large Minimum Degree into Locally Irregular Subgraphs

  • Jakub Przybyło
Keywords: Locally irregular graph, Graph decomposition, Edge set partition, 1-2-3 Conjecture


A locally irregular graph is a graph whose adjacent vertices have distinct degrees. We say that a graph G can be decomposed into k locally irregular subgraphs if its edge set may be partitioned into k subsets each of which induces a locally irregular subgraph in G. It has been conjectured that apart from the family of exceptions which admit no such decompositions, i.e., odd paths, odd cycles and a special class of graphs of maximum degree 3, every connected graph can be decomposed into 3 locally irregular subgraphs. Using a combination of a probabilistic approach and some known theorems on degree constrained subgraphs of a given graph, we prove this to hold for graphs of minimum degree at least $10^{10}$. This problem is strongly related to edge colourings distinguishing neighbours by the pallets of their incident colours and to the 1-2-3 Conjecture. In particular, the contribution of this paper constitutes a strengthening of a result of Addario-Berry, Aldred, Dalal and Reed [J. Combin. Theory Ser. B 94 (2005) 237-244].
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