Tail Positive Words and Generalized Coinvariant Algebras

  • Brendon Rhoades
  • Andrew Timothy Wilson
Keywords: Symmetric function, Coinvariant algebra


Let $n,k,$ and $r$ be nonnegative integers and let $S_n$ be the symmetric group. We introduce a quotient $R_{n,k,r}$ of the polynomial ring $\mathbb{Q}[x_1, \dots, x_n]$ in $n$ variables which carries the structure of a graded $S_n$-module.  When $r \ge n$ or $k = 0$ the quotient $R_{n,k,r}$ reduces to the classical coinvariant algebra $R_n$ attached to the symmetric group. Just as algebraic properties of $R_n$ are controlled by combinatorial properties of permutations in $S_n$, the algebra of $R_{n,k,r}$ is controlled by the combinatorics of objects called tail positive words. We calculate the standard monomial basis of $R_{n,k,r}$ and its graded $S_n$-isomorphism type. We also view $R_{n,k,r}$ as a module over the 0-Hecke algebra $H_n(0)$, prove that $R_{n,k,r}$ is a projective 0-Hecke module, and calculate its quasisymmetric and nonsymmetric 0-Hecke characteristics. We conjecture a relationship between our quotient $R_{n,k,r}$ and the delta operators of the theory of Macdonald polynomials.

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