Local Resilience for Squares of Almost Spanning Cycles in Sparse Random Graphs

  • Andreas Noever
  • Angelika Steger
Keywords: Random graphs, Resilience, Almost spanning subgraphs


In 1962, Pósa conjectured that a graph $G=(V, E)$ contains a square of a Hamiltonian cycle if $\delta(G)\ge 2n/3$. Only more than thirty years later Komlós, Sárkőzy, and Szemerédi proved this conjecture using the so-called Blow-Up Lemma. Here we extend their result to a random graph setting. We show that for every $\epsilon > 0$ and $p=n^{-1/2+\epsilon}$ a.a.s. every subgraph of $G_{n,p}$ with minimum degree at least $(2/3+\epsilon)np$ contains the square of a cycle on $(1-o(1))n$ vertices. This is almost best possible in three ways: (1) for $p\ll n^{-1/2}$ the random graph will not contain any square of a long cycle (2) one cannot hope for a resilience version for the square of a spanning cycle (as deleting all edges in the neighborhood of single vertex destroys this property) and (3) for $c<2/3$ a.a.s. $G_{n,p}$ contains a subgraph with minimum degree at least $cnp$ which does not contain the square of a path on $(1/3+c)n$ vertices.

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