On Almost-Planar Graphs
A nonplanar graph $G$ is called almost-planar if for every edge $e$ of $G$, at least one of $G\backslash e$ and $G/e$ is planar. In 1990, Gubser characterized 3-connected almost-planar graphs in his dissertation. However, his proof is so long that only a small portion of it was published. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a short proof of this result. We also discuss the structure of almost-planar graphs that are not 3-connected.