Erdős-Ginzburg-Ziv Constants by Avoiding Three-Term Arithmetic Progressions

  • Jacob Fox
  • Lisa Sauermann
Keywords: Erdős-Ginzburg-Ziv constant, Arithmetic progressions, Probabilistic method, Polynomial method


For a finite abelian group $G$, The Erdős-Ginzburg-Ziv constant $\mathfrak{s}(G)$ is the smallest $s$ such that every sequence of $s$ (not necessarily distinct) elements of $G$ has a zero-sum subsequence of length $\operatorname{exp}(G)$. For a prime $p$, let $r(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$ denote the size of the largest subset of $\mathbb{F}_p^n$ without a three-term arithmetic progression. Although similar methods have been used to study $\mathfrak{s}(G)$ and $r(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$, no direct connection between these quantities has previously been established. We give an upper bound for $\mathfrak{s}(G)$ in terms of $r(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$ for the prime divisors $p$ of $\operatorname{exp}(G)$. For the special case $G=\mathbb{F}_p^n$, we prove $\mathfrak{s}(\mathbb{F}_p^n)\leq 2p\cdot r(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$. Using the upper bounds for $r(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$ of Ellenberg and Gijswijt, this result improves the previously best known upper bounds for $\mathfrak{s}(\mathbb{F}_p^n)$ given by Naslund.


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