# Infinite Graphical Frobenius Representations

### Abstract

A *graphical Frobenius representation (GFR)* of a Frobenius (permutation) group $G$ is a graph $\Gamma$ whose automorphism group Aut$(\Gamma)$ acts as a Frobenius permutation group on the vertex set of $\Gamma$, that is, Aut$(\Gamma)$ acts vertex-transitively with the property that all nonidentity automorphisms fix either exactly one or zero vertices and there are some of each kind. The set $K$ of all fixed-point-free automorphisms together with the identity is called the *kernel* of $G$. Whenever $G$ is finite, $K$ is a regular normal subgroup of $G$ (F. G. Frobenius, 1901), in which case $\Gamma$ is a Cayley graph of $K$. The same holds true for all the infinite instances presented here.

Infinite, locally finite, vertex-transitive graphs can be classified with respect to (i) the cardinality of their set of *ends* and (ii) their *growth rate*. We construct families of infinite GFRs for all possible combinations of these two properties. There exist infinitely many GFRs with polynomial growth of degree $d$ for every positive integer $d$, and there exist infinite families of GFRs of exponential growth, both $1$-ended and infinitely-ended, that underlie infinite chiral planar maps. There also exist GFRs of free products of finitely many finitely generated groups. Graphs of connectivity 1 having a Frobenius automorphism group are characterized.