# Minimum Number of Additive Tuples in Groups of Prime Order

### Abstract

For a prime number $p$ and a sequence of integers $a_0,\dots,a_k\in \{0,1,\dots,p\}$, let $s(a_0,\dots,a_k)$ be the minimum number of $(k+1)$-tuples $(x_0,\dots,x_k)\in A_0\times\dots\times A_k$ with $x_0=x_1+\dots + x_k$, over subsets $A_0,\dots,A_k\subseteq\mathbb{Z}_p$ of sizes $a_0,\dots,a_k$ respectively. We observe that an elegant argument of Samotij and Sudakov can be extended to show that there exists an extremal configuration with all sets $A_i$ being intervals of appropriate length. The same conclusion also holds for the related problem, posed by Bajnok, when $a_0=\dots=a_k=:a$ and $A_0=\dots=A_k$, provided $k$ is not equal 1 modulo $p$. Finally, by applying basic Fourier analysis, we show for Bajnok's problem that if $p\geqslant 13$ and $a\in\{3,\dots,p-3\}$ are fixed while $k\equiv 1\pmod p$ tends to infinity, then the extremal configuration alternates between at least two affine non-equivalent sets.

**A corrigendum was added March 12, 2019.**