Resolving Two Conjectures on Staircase Encodings and Boundary Grids of $132$ and $123$-avoiding permutations

  • Shyam Sivasathya Narayanan


This paper analyzes relations between pattern avoidance of certain permutations and graphs on staircase grids and boundary grids, and proves two conjectures posed by Bean, Tannock, and Ulfarsson (2015). More specifically, this paper enumerates a certain family of staircase encodings and proves that the downcore graph, a certain graph established on the boundary grid, is pure if and only if the permutation corresponding to the boundary grid avoids the classical patterns 123 and 2143.


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