Ear Decomposition and Balanced Neighborly Simplicial Manifolds
We find the first non-octahedral balanced 2-neighborly 3-sphere and the balanced 2-neighborly triangulation of the lens space $L(3,1)$. Each construction has 16 vertices. We show that there exists a balanced 3-neighborly non-spherical 5-manifold with 18 vertices. We also show that the rank-selected subcomplexes of a balanced simplicial sphere do not necessarily have an ear decomposition.