Cooperative Colorings of Trees and of Bipartite Graphs

  • Ron Aharoni
  • Eli Berger
  • Maria Chudnovsky
  • Frédéric Havet
  • Zilin Jiang


Given a system $(G_1, \ldots ,G_m)$ of graphs on the same vertex set $V$, a cooperative coloring is a choice of vertex sets $I_1, \ldots ,I_m$, such that $I_j$ is independent in $G_j$ and $\bigcup_{j=1}^{m}I_j = V$. For a class $\mathcal{G}$ of graphs, let $m_{\mathcal{G}}(d)$ be the minimal $m$ such that every $m$ graphs from $\mathcal{G}$ with maximum degree $d$ have a cooperative coloring. We prove that $\Omega(\log\log d) \le m_\mathcal{T}(d) \le O(\log d)$ and $\Omega(\log d)\le m_\mathcal{B}(d) \le O(d/\log d)$, where $\mathcal{T}$ is the class of trees and $\mathcal{B}$ is the class of bipartite graphs.
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