Twenty-Vertex Model with Domain Wall Boundaries and Domino Tilings
We consider the triangular lattice ice model (20-Vertex model) with four types of domain-wall type boundary conditions. In types 1 and 2, the configurations are shown to be equinumerous to the quarter-turn symmetric domino tilings of an Aztec-like holey square, with a central cross-shaped hole. The proof of this statement makes extensive use of integrability and of a connection to the 6-Vertex model. The type 3 configurations are conjectured to be in same number as domino tilings of a particular triangle. The four enumeration problems are reformulated in terms of four types of Alternating Phase Matrices with entries $0$ and sixth roots of unity, subject to suitable alternation conditions. Our result is a generalization of the ASM-DPP correspondence. Several refined versions of the above correspondences are also discussed.