Structural Results for Conditionally Intersecting Families and some Applications

  • Xizhi Liu


Let $k\ge d\ge 3$ be fixed. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a $k$-uniform family on $[n]$. Then $\mathcal{F}$ is $(d,s)$-conditionally intersecting if it does not contain $d$ sets with union of size at most $s$ and empty intersection. Answering a question of Frankl, we present some structural results for families that are $(d,s)$-conditionally intersecting with $s\ge 2k+d-3$, and families that are $(k,2k)$-conditionally intersecting. As applications of our structural results we present some new proofs to the upper bounds for the size of the following $k$-uniform families on $[n]$:

(a) $(d,2k+d-3)$-conditionally intersecting families with $n\ge 3k^5$;

(b) $(k,2k)$-conditionally intersecting families with $n\ge k^2/(k-1)$;

(c) Nonintersecting $(3,2k)$-conditionally intersecting families with $n\ge 3k\binom{2k}{k}$.

Our results for $(c)$ confirms a conjecture of Mammoliti and Britz for the case $d=3$.

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