Abstract Tropical Linear Programming
In this paper we develop a combinatorial abstraction of tropical linear programming. This generalizes the search for a feasible point of a system of min-plus-inequalities. We obtain an algorithm based on an axiomatic approach to this generalization. It builds on the introduction of signed tropical matroids based on the polyhedral properties of triangulations of the product of two simplices and the combinatorics of the associated set of bipartite graphs with an additional sign information. Finally, we establish an upper bound for our feasibility algorithm applied to a system of min-plus-inequalities in terms of the secondary fan of a product of two simplices. The appropriate complexity measure is a shortest integer vector in a cone of the secondary fan associated to the system.