A Vertex-Weighted Tutte Symmetric Function, and Constructing Graphs with Equal Chromatic Symmetric Function
This paper has two main parts. First, we consider the Tutte symmetric function XB, a generalization of the chromatic symmetric function. We introduce a vertex-weighted version of XB and show that this function admits a deletion-contraction relation. We also demonstrate that the vertex-weighted XB admits spanning-tree and spanning-forest expansions generalizing those of the Tutte polynomial by connecting XB to other graph functions. Second, we give several methods for constructing nonisomorphic graphs with equal chromatic and Tutte symmetric functions, and use them to provide specific examples.