The Unit Acquisition Number of Binomial Random Graphs

  • Konstantinos Georgiou
  • Somnath Kundu
  • Paweł Prałat


Let $G$ be a graph in which each vertex initially has weight 1. In each step, the unit weight from a vertex $u$ to a neighbouring vertex $v$ can be moved, provided that the weight on $v$ is at least as large as the weight on $u$. The unit acquisition number of $G$, denoted by $a_u(G)$, is the minimum cardinality of the set of vertices with positive weight at the end of the process (over all acquisition protocols). In this paper, we investigate the Erdős-Rényi random graph process $(\mathcal{G}(n,m))_{m =0}^{N}$, where $N = {n \choose 2}$. We show that asymptotically almost surely $a_u(\mathcal{G}(n,m)) = 1$ right at the time step the random graph process creates a connected graph. Since trivially $a_u(\mathcal{G}(n,m)) \ge 2$ if the graphs is disconnected, the result holds in the strongest possible sense.

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