Discrete Quantitative Nodal Theorem

  • László Lovász


We prove a theorem that can be thought of as a common generalization of the Discrete Nodal Theorem and (one direction of) Cheeger's Inequality for graphs. A special case of this result will assert that if the second and third eigenvalues of the Laplacian are at least $\varepsilon$ apart, then the subgraphs induced by the positive and negative supports of the eigenvector belonging to $\lambda_2$ are not only connected, but edge-expanders (in a weighted sense, with expansion depending on $\varepsilon$).

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