Popular Differences for Right Isosceles Triangles

  • Vjekoslav Kovač


For a subset $A$ of $\{1,2,\ldots,N\}^2$ of size $\alpha N^2$ we show existence of $(m,n)\neq(0,0)$ such that the set $A$ contains at least $(\alpha^3 - o(1))N^2$ triples of points of the form $(a,b)$, $(a+m,b+n)$, $(a-n,b+m)$. This answers a question by Ackelsberg, Bergelson, and Best. The same approach also establishes the corresponding result for compact abelian groups. Furthermore, for a finite field $\mathbb{F}_q$ we comment on exponential smallness of subsets of $(\mathbb{F}_q^n)^2$ that avoid the aforementioned configuration. The proofs are minor modifications of the existing proofs regarding three-term arithmetic progressions.

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