Periodic Solutions of One-Dimensional Cellular Automata with Uniformly Chosen Random Rules

  • Janko Gravner
  • Xiaochen Liu


We study cellular automata whose rules are selected uniformly at random. Our setting are two-neighbor one-dimensional rules with a large number $n$ of states. The main quantity we analyze is the asymptotic distribution, as $n \to \infty$, of the number of different periodic solutions with given spatial and temporal periods. The main tool we use is the Chen-Stein method for Poisson approximation, which establishes that the number of periodic solutions, with their spatial and temporal periods confined to a finite range, converges to a Poisson random variable with an explicitly given parameter. The limiting probability distribution of the smallest temporal period for a given spatial period is deduced as a corollary and relevant empirical simulations are presented.

Article Number